In latethe PC withdrew from the cabinet, a move at least partially related to conflicts between Băsescu and PC leader Dan Voiculescu. The withdrawal of the PC left the coalition without a majority in the Parliament.
Domestic policy[ edit ] This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
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July In domestic politics, Băsescu has often claimed he fights against high-level corruption. In springRomania resolved a crema de fata fara parfum crisis in Iraq involving three Romanian journalists and their guide.
Inhe also focused on pressing the government to provide relief to thousands of Romanians left homeless by widespread flooding throughout the spring and summer. Main article: Official condemnation of Romanian communism regime On 18 DecemberBăsescu delivered a speech to Parliament broadcast live on TV in which he condemned Romania's pre communist regime. Some members of the opposition, mainly of the ultra-nationalist PRM, and some members of the mainstream Social Democratic Party, tried to disturb the speech.
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Particularly vocal was the ultra-nationalist PRM leader Corneliu Vadim Tudorwho walked with posters on the floor of Parliament, whistled and interrupted Băsescu's speech several times. Traian Băsescu with George W. Bush Traian Băsescu in AfghanistanJune Băsescu repeatedly stated that Romania's accession to the European Union remained a top priority, and he was president when the country acceded on 1 January novaskin gallery Both the president and the government of Prime Minister Popescu-Tăriceanu focused on Romania's planned accession to the EU, which remained a central component in Romania's foreign policy.
In addition, Băsescu has focused on a strong strategic partnership with the United States, a relationship which, during the presidential campaign, he called the "Bucharest-London-Washington axis". Băsescu is singled out in a report by Dick Martyan investigator of the Council of Europe industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021, on illegal activities of the US CIA in Europe, as one of the persons who authorized, or at least knew about, and must industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 accountable for the black site at the Mihail Kogălniceanu military base from to Romania and the United States are friends, and we're allies.
However, the troops remained in Iraq after Băsescu called a meeting of the Supreme Defense Councilwhich voted for the troops to stay. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Richard B. Myers during a visit to The Pentagon on March 9, Băsescu alleged "that Russia might have been involved in his suspension," citing his pro-Western foreign policy as a reason.
Furthermore, he has expressed his belief several times in the future unification of the two countries, either politically or in the framework of the European Union. His attitude has brought some practical success, but also led to an increase in anti-Romanian rhetoric from the Communist government of Moldova, under Vladimir Voronin. A divisive issue that remains to this day is the opening of two Romanian consulates outside the capital of Moldova, as well asMoldovans applying for Romanian citizenship.
In both cases, Băsescu strongly supported moves to strengthen relations with Moldova, while the Moldovan Communist leadership sought to cool Băsescu's enthusiasm. On 23 July the last Romanian soldiers left Iraq. Conflict with Prime Minister Tăriceanu[ edit ] Traian Băsescu and Călin Industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 in October Băsescu continued to be rather popular due to his open style and hands-on approach.
In his electoral campaign, he promised to be a președinte jucător in Romanian"player-president", in contrast to a more withdrawn president who would be just a mediator among political forces thus creating in the eyes of some a juridical conflict of a constitutional nature.
After he became president, as legally required, he resigned from the Democratic Party PD. However, he remained very involved in day-to-day politics of Romania, often being accused by other political leaders of overstepping constitutional boundaries on the role of the president.
During the course of his presidency, his relations with Popescu-Tăriceanu gradually soured, particularly following the Prime Minister's reversal of course in July after Tăriceanu initially announced he would resign causing early parliamentary elections,  which some hoped would have resulted in the Justice and Truth Alliance governing alone. The ensuing poor relations between the President and the Prime Minister have become one of the primary themes of Romanian post politics,  with many unrelated disputes converging towards this dichotomy.
Under the Romanian Constitution, the president appoints the prime minister, but industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 not have the authority to dismiss him.
On 11 JanuaryBăsescu presided over the first half of the meeting of the Consiliul Suprem al Magistraturii CSM; Superior Council of the Magistracy at which the election of its new president took place.
Industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 the candidacies were announced, Băsescu publicly said to judge Anton Pandrea: "I heard you have announced your candidacy, Mr.
I wish you great success. When the matter became public debate, Băsescu stated about the note: "The Prime Minister proposed to me a partnership, one, unfortunately, with our oligarchies. Băsescu stated: "Such type of partnership was unacceptable to me Băsescu immediately asked Tăriceanu to produce evidence to support his claims, to send it to the Prosecutor's Office, and to remove the ministers allegedly involved. Patriciu also said that in a discussion with Băsescu in Octoberhe was advised to invest in any country in the Black Sea basin except Russia.
According to Patriciu, Băsescu said " The newspaper claimed that this was outside the legal prerogatives of the president, and accused Băsescu of sending the note directly to the Minister instead of following the usual administrative procedures, and furthermore noted that the matter was a commercial dispute that neither the President nor the Transport Minister had the legal means to solve.
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On 5 Aprilthe Constitutional Court decided that "The Romanian President doesn't have veto power, but, if he observes that the proposed person does not correspond to the legal conditions required to be a member of Government, he can ask the Prime Minister to renounce his proposal. Impeachment vote by the Parliament[ edit ] In earlyBăsescu was proposed for impeachment by the members of the opposition parties for alleged unconstitutional conduct. Băsescu and his supporters denied the accusations, stating that his actions and statements were ways of fighting against corruption in the political and judicial systems, and against "circles of business interests" with unlawful purposes.
The Constitutional Court of Romania found no clear evidence of his breach of the Constitution in the sense required by the fundamental law. In the meantime, the independent Macovei and the PD ministers had been dismissed by Prime Minister Popescu-Tăriceanu, while the European election had been postponed to the fall of Pro-Băsescu politicians have characterized the anti-Băsescu coalition that formed as "the black alliance," as it contained a broad spectrum of political parties and interests: Social-Democrats favoring heavy state involvement in the economy, National-Liberals and Conservatives favoring business interests, Hungarian minority MPs, and anti-Hungarian ultra-nationalists.
According to the electoral law article 5 2 of the Referendum Lawan absolute majority of all Romanians with the right to vote is required for a positive result in a dismissal referendum, which means that almost 9 million people would have had to vote against Băsescu. On 17 April Băsescu stated that if Parliament voted for his impeachment, he would resign "five minutes" after the industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021, avoiding a referendum for dismissal and triggering early presidential elections.
However, on 20 April he decided not to resign, claiming he wished to limit the period of political instability. On 25 April the Constitutional Court approved the modifications brought by parliament to the Referendum Law. The new article 10 regarding the presidential impeachment process considers that the impeachment process "will be approved through the majority of votes for the participants at the referendum, and article 5 2 does not apply to this type of referendum".
After one of its ministers was expelled from the government by the prime minister against the will of the party, the PSD decided to leave the government in early October. Soon afterwards, the government fell following the adoption of a motion of no confidence in Parliament. Băsescu nominated Lucian Croitoru as the new prime minister, against the will of the parliamentary majority, which supported Klaus Iohannis.
After Croitoru was voted down, Băsescu nominated PDL member Liviu Negoiță as prime minister, again ignoring the proposal of the parliamentary majority. The ongoing political crisis prevented Romania from getting two instalments of a billion-euro loan from the International Monetary Fund and the European Union.
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Incumbent Băsescu and his Social-Democrat opponent Mircea Geoană offered different ways to tackle the economic crisis. Băsescu pledged to cut public spending and promised "more equity" to people living in the countryside. A widely used election poster carried the text: "They cannot avoid what they are afraid of. In a Cluj-Napoca meeting with his industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 he claimed that he industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 the one to stop doubtful privatisations," implicitly accusing rival Social-Democrats of underhand practices while in power.
He vowed to fight against the Parliament, which blocked his bid to install the Croitoru cabinetand the "media moguls". In the first round, held on 22 November, Băsescu came first with Subsequently, Băsescu reproached Antonescu for having "thrown himself in the arms of the Social-Democrat party, a party opposed to reforms," and added "This alliance will bring us back to 20 years ago when the PSD was controlling all state institutions.
The press,[ who? Asked in a talk show about the incident, the president stated that he did not recall it, but did not outright deny it either, saying that perhaps the child uttered profanity. Later, he made a public declaration that "never in his life has he hit a child," but he refused to comment on whether the footage was manipulated video or not. The footage was released within 24 hours of a declaration by Dinu Patriciualso present at the rally, who claimed that he saw Băsescu hitting a child in He acknowledged that Băsescu had hit him after he chanted a slogan favourable to Ion Iliescu and Adrian Năstase, but said he was not physically hurt.
He also said that for the moment he was happy that Băsescu had paid attention to him, and they smiled at each other, but later he felt disappointed. The opposition's legal objection to their narrow defeat was dismissed. Second term as President of Romania[ edit ] This section needs expansion. July Main article: Romanian presidential impeachment referendum Traian Băsescu speaking in his support during an anti-impeachment protest in BucharestBăsescu was suspended by the Parliament a second time on 6 Julywith a referendum on his impeachment being held on 29 July After initially calling on the population to vote, PDL called for a boycottaccusing the majority party USL of attempted fraud.
An overwhelming The Industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 Constitutional Court subsequently invalidated the referendum  by a vote of 6—3, which reinstated Băsescu as president of Romania. The US envoy Philip Gordon visited Romania supporting Băsescu, accused the president opposition of massive fraud, angering the 8.
Of the thousands of people investigated of election fraud only one received the guilty verdict in Court, a saving face verdict for the errors committed by the US envoy, as per DC News. Băsescu said that now is the time to leave old conflicts aside in order to solve Romania's problems, and to "restore a functioning democratic Romania, and restore our credibility.
The landslide victory of the former opposition coalition marginalized Băsescu and drastically reduced his possibilities to negotiate a new PDL-based coalition, thus being left with no other viable alternative than to nominate PSD president Victor Ponta to form the new government. Băsescu and Ponta signed a framework treaty, intended to smoothen the future institutional collaboration between the Presidency and the Government. But soon afterwards, first tensions started to creep in, as Ponta depicted the EU-Budget negotiations outcome for Romania as a political defeat for Băsescu.
PMP's fourth congress was held on 24 October, with Băsescu being elected president of the party. He resigned from PMP leadership inand was elected honorary president of the party at the congress in June Involvement in Moldovan politics[ edit ] Along with the granting of Moldovan citizenship in June which was subsequently withdrawn on 25 JuneBăsescu was elected honorary president of the National Unity Party. Anatol Șalaruthe party founder, stated that the party leader's seat will remain industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 until Băsescu gets back his Moldovan citizenship.
In Octoberhe referred to journalist Ovidiu Zara, of the Curentul newspaper, using the Romanian word " găozar " roughly " faggot ". In protest leading Romanian journalist Cristian Tudor Popescuthe editor in chief Gândul, appeared on his TV show Cap industria anti-îmbătrânire alegerile prezidențiale din 2021 Pajură holding a sign saying gazetar găozar roughly "faggot journalist".
Forgetting to turn it off, he was recorded referring to Pană as a stinking gypsy during a conversation with his wife in his car. After public outcry, Băsescu's spokesman expressed regret over the fact that "an inappropriate expression in a private discussion became public".